Although it is fairly rare for a woman to contract toxoplasmosis during pregnancy, the effects on the unborn child can be serious and can cause lifelong damage. Find out more about the causes, effects, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of toxoplasmosis during pregnancy here.
Complications during Pregnancy - Everything You need to Know
We all hope that our pregnancies will be without complication. But unfortunately, there is a lot that can go wrong during the process. Some serious pregnancy complications can even be life threatening to you and/or your baby. This comprehensive list of pregnancy complications will help to inform you of possible warning signs to look for during your pregnancy.
What are the More Common Pregnancy Complications?
Unfortunately, miscarriage is one of the most common early pregnancy complications and is not generally preventable. Between 10 and 20% of pregnancies end in miscarriage (spontaneous abortion). Symptoms of a miscarriage include intense abdominal cramping and bleeding. They are often caused by chromosomal abnormalities, incorrect implantation, or problems with the reproductive system. Medical help is needed if you believe you are having a miscarriage.
· Ectopic pregnancy:
Also known as tubal pregnancy, this complication occurs when the embryo embeds in the fallopian tube, instead of the uterus. Unfortunately, an ectopic pregnancy is not viable and often has to be surgically removed. The major symptoms are similar to those of miscarriage and include vaginal bleeding and intense abdominal cramping. Approximately 1 - 2% of fertilizations result in ectopic pregnancy.
· Preterm birth:
Labor and delivery after 20 weeks and before 37 weeks are classed as preterm birth (premature labor). The chances of survival for babies born before 23 weeks pregnant are extremely low but increase with each week after that. Babies born prematurely are at greater risk of developmental and health problems. In some cases, preterm labor can be prevented and the pregnancy can still go full term with bed rest and/or medication. Symptoms of preterm labor are regular strong contractions and fluid leaking from the vagina.
· Gestational diabetes:
This complication generally develops during the second trimester of pregnancy and is caused when your body is unable to make insulin. It cannot be treated with oral medications and is generally managed with dietary changes and/or insulin injections. Diabetes pregnancy complications affect approximately 10% of pregnant women.
This condition affects around 5% of pregnant women and can cause high blood pressure, kidney damage, and other complications. If treated in time, it is usually safe for mother and baby, but it can be life-threatening if it goes untreated. The major symptoms include swelling of the hands and face and rapid weight gain. It generally affects women in the final trimester of pregnancy.
Are there any Rare Pregnancy Complications?
Yes. There are any number of unusual pregnancy complications which can develop. Some are spontaneous, some are hereditary, some are caused by lifestyle or general health, some are environmental, and for some the cause is unknown. There are a number of high-risk pregnancy complications which are far less common. Some of these include:
- Amniotic band syndrome
- Selective intrauterine growth syndrome
- Fetal hydrothorax
If You See Signs of Pregnancy Complications, Seek Medical Help:
Although heartbreaking, not all pregnancy complications are avoidable. But regular professional care and an understanding of what's happening to your body can help with early detection and medical care when needed. Common complications can easily become life-threatening complications during pregnancy. Make sure you choose an obstetrician and/or midwife early in your pregnancy and have regular check-ups. If you experience bleeding, intense abdominal cramping or discomfort, fever, vaginal pain, or swelling of the hands and face at any time during your pregnancy, get emergency help immediately.
Find out More About Complications with Pregnancy:
If you need more information about the symptoms and signs of pregnancy complications, we've put together a comprehensive directory of articles on the rarest and most common pregnancy complications. Browse the directory here:
How does bulimia affect pregnancy? Bulimia in Pregnancy can have serious repercussions for both you and your baby. If you’re pregnant and you’re suffering from an eating disorder, there’s no shame in seeking help. Find out more about the effects of bulimia on pregnancy and what you can do about it here.