Birth Control – All The Facts
Safe and effective contraceptives only became available in the 20th century and they have really changed the landscape of family life. You can now choose when and if you have a baby and enjoy an active sex life without worrying about becoming pregnant before you’re ready. But, that doesn’t mean the topic of birth control is simple. There are so many questions surrounding it. We answer them without confusing doctor-speak.
How does Birth Control Work?
- Medicated birth control systems (like the pill, the injection, and the patch) make hormonal changes and prevent you from ovulating.
- The copper IUD is inserted in the uterus and prevents sperm from reaching the egg.
- Condoms and the diaphragm stop sperm from reaching the egg without making hormonal changes to your body.
- Natural methods generally rely on charting your fertility and having intercourse outside your fertile window.
What are the Types of Birth Control?
The most common types of birth control include:
- Birth control pills.
- Birth control implant
- Depo Provera Injection (birth control shot).
- Birth control patch.
- Natural methods
How Effective is Birth Control?
Most medicated contraceptives are 99% effective, making your chances of becoming pregnant on birth control very slim. However, there are instances where birth control can become less effective. Read more here. You can also use natural methods such as withdrawal or fertility awareness (timing intercourse outside your fertile window). These methods are generally considered to be less precise than contraceptive medications.
Are there any Birth Control Side Effects?
Yes. Unfortunately, different women react differently to the types of birth control and the hormonal changes caused by some birth control methods can result in increased menstrual cramping, bleeding, and moodiness.
Check out Our Directory of Articles on Birth Control Options and All Things Contraception:
We have a comprehensive range of articles on everything from emergency contraception, to birth control pills, to permanent methods like having your tubes tied. We also explore topics such as how birth control can affect your chances of getting pregnant when you decide you’re ready and the best birth control for after you’ve had a baby. Scroll through and explore: